topographical map gives you a good idea of how the Gulf of Naples is laid
out. North to south runs from the city of Naples on a line to the Isle
of Capri in the lower right of the map.
The Gulf of Naples is contained within a line running from Cape Miseno
(in the center of the map across from the small island of Procida)
to Point Campanella (across from Capri). The Gulf, itself, is divided
into the Bay of Pozzuoli and the Bay of Naples, separated by the Posillipo
peninsula. The Bay of Pozzuoli was the important Roman military port for
the Western Imperial Fleet. The original Greek settlement
in the area was actually on the large island of Ischia (at the bottom of the map). Well before the
city of Parthenope --and, then, Naples-- was founded, the Greeks moved
from Ischia across to the mainland at Cuma.
The entire area visible on the map, plus some area further up the coast
to the left towards Gaeta, constituted what was known as the Independent
Duchy of Naples in the ninth and tenth centuries. Much of the area, however,
in the mountainous Sorrentine Peninsula was disputed with other duchies
of that period, namely, the Duchy of Benevento
and the Duchy of Salerno.
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